Geography of Bali


Bali is one of the 17,508 islands of the Republic of Indonesia and is located East of Java and West of Lombok. Bali is part of the small Sunda-Islands (Nusa Tenggara). Bali has a size of 2,162 sq mi and has a population of 3.2 million. The capital Denpasar has a population of 800,000.

  • Dreamland Beach with a calm sea on a sunny day.
  • View on a small village at Lake Batur.
  • View on the landscape of Bali with a mountain in the background.
  • A picture of Tegenungan Waterfall.
f.l.t.r.: Dreamland - Nusa Lembongan | Lake Batur - Candidasa | Balinese Landscape | Tegenungan Waterfall .

The Landscape

The West of Bali is very mountainous and central Bali is dominated by volcanoes. In total Bali has 8 volcanos. The highest point on Bali is Gunung Agung with the mountaintop at 1.95 miles above sealevel. Northwest of Gunung Agung is the volcano Gunung Batur. This volcano has its top at 1 mile above sealevel. The first known eruption of this volcano is dated in 1804, the last official eruption of this volcano was in 2000.

Near the village Batur is Danau Batur which is the biggest lake of Bali. Danau Batur has a length of 4.4 miles, a wide of 1.5 miles and a depth of almost 200ft.

Besides the mountains and lakes the landscape of Bali is dominated by rivers, ravines and rainforests (Bali has more different kind of trees then all of Europe)

Fertile grounds

Due to the climate on Bali many ricefields (sawa) can be found on the island. These ricefields are mainly located in central Bali. Thanks to the fertile ground in Central Bali not just rice is grown but also cocoa, coffee and grapes.

The beaches of Bali

As to be expected on a tropical island such as Bali there are a lot of beautiful beaches. In the south you will find pearl white sand beaches. All the other beaches mainly consist of grey and black volcanic sand as can be seen at for example Lovina Beach.