Geography of Aruba


Aruba is with an area of 74sq mi a small island. Aruba lies in the Caribean sea just a mere 15mi north of Venezuela and 42mi northwest of Curaçao. Aruba is for the most part flat, only the eastern side is somewhat hilly. The biggest hill is the Jamanota of 617ft, the most famous hill is the Hooiberg (which lies between Santa Cruz and Oranjestad).

  • A natural bridge over the Caribbean Sea near Santa Cruz
  • Entrance to the caves at grapefield beach near San Nicolas
  • A natural swimming pool on the North coast of Aruba
  • The landscape of the Arikok National Park with shrubs and cacti
f.l.t.r.: Baby Natural Bridge - Santa Cruz | Caves Grapefield Beach - San Nicolas | Natural Pool - Arikok National Park | Arikok National Park - Santa Cruz .

The northeast

Because of the strong northeast trade wind the northeastern part of Aruba is virtually uninhabited. The coastline is rocky and the sea is wild. These wild sea has created a lot of impressive geological phenomena. North of Santa Cruz lies the Baby Natural Bridge, a natural bridge created by erosion from the sea.

The southwest

The southwestern part of Aruba is where all beaches are. The sea is relatively calm and there are many natural reefs that act as breakwaters. Also almost all dive sites are located in the southwest.